Where we work

The organisation is involved in more than 45 dialogue and mediation initiatives in over 40 countries, some public, others confidential.

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COVID-19 Global Response Initiative

The initiative outlines four main HD goals, pursued in collaboration with global health experts: Deliver life-saving information to hard-to-reach populations; Work with communities to monitor the outbreak, to strengthen the global response; Facilitate humanitarian access to these hard-to-reach populations; Promote humanitarian pauses in areas of active armed conflict, to give space for an effective response […]

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Aceh, Indonesia

Objectives HD ‘s objective in Aceh was contribute to the development of a sustainable solution to the conflict between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement, through a mediated solution. Activities On 9 December 2002, HD facilitated the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (COHA) between the two sides […]

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Burundi

Activities To this end, HD convened a seminar  from 2-4 February 2000 in Geneva, bringing together the armed opposition groups active in Burundi, the Government of Burundi and the international humanitarian community. the event was attended by field level commanders of the armed opposition groups active inside Burundi, the Government of Burundi (GoB) and the international humanitarian […]

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Dialogue between youth organisations and state institutions from the Sahel region

Background 50 million young people under the age of 30 live in the Sahel region today. They make up approximately 65% of the G5 Sahel countries’ (Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mauritania) population. However, their future prospects are limited in view of the low levels of education owing to an educational system clogged by […]

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Geneva Initiative

Background On 12 October 2003, a group of leading Israelis and Palestinians completed a draft framework for a final-status agreement between the two parties to the Middle East conflict. This framework, known as the Geneva Initiative (GI), proposed a model for the settlement of critical issues such as security arrangements, Jerusalem, borders and refugees. The […]

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Indonesia – Building mediation capacity of interfaith institutions

The project initially focused on the city of Ambon in Maluku, where religion-related communal conflict cost the lives of more than 2’000 people between 1999 and 2002 and injured at least 4’000 others. Lingering suspicion and segregation between Muslims and Christians still poses a threat to security today. HD and THC seek to bring formal and informal […]

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Iraq

Background The Islamic State (IS) has been almost totally militarily defeated in Iraq. The political crisis in the country is interlinked with the security situation. Areas such as Anbar, the Baghdad Belts and Salahaddin, where the population is mostly Sunni, have now been liberated from IS but are at risk of a resurgence of violence […]

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Libya

Background On 15 February 2011, major demonstrations erupted throughout Libya seeking the removal of Muammar Al-Qaddafi. They began peacefully but on 17 February, forces loyal to Qaddafi fired on demonstrators, killing hundreds and provoking resignations from some officials in Qaddafi’s own cabinet, several prominent Libyan diplomats and members of the security forces in the eastern […]

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Mediation in the border regions of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger

Background Since 2010, several armed groups have appeared along the porous border strip which separates Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso. Some of them claim close ties with either the armed groups which have signed the Mali Agreement or with Jihadist movements, while others claim to have links with some of the local communities. The fragility […]

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Mediating the return of state services to the Mopti and Ségou regions, Mali

Background While the 2015 Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali officially put an end to the north-south conflict, multiple conflicts have since erupted in the central part of the country. The worsening security situation in the Mopti and Ségou regions has resulted in the growing withdrawal of government administration from a large part of […]

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Moldova

Context Amidst regional geopolitical turmoil sparked by the collapse of the Soviet Union, the eastern region of Moldova, known as Transnistria, declared its de-facto separation from Moldova in September 1990. It has remained outside of the control of Moldova’s central government ever since. Escalation and fighting ensued in mid-1992 and stopped after Russia’s army, stationed […]

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Myanmar – Addressing the crisis in Rakhine State

Background HD’s involvement in the conflict in Rakhine State started in 2012, following the outbreak of communal violence. Since then, the organisation has been working on addressing the crisis in Rakhine State and the wider impact it has had on the region. Considering these two separate but connected dimensions to the crisis, HD has worked […]

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Nigeria

Drawing on its successful experience in supporting the Nakuru Peace process in the Rift Valley of Kenya in 2012-2013, HD began work in Nigeria’s Middle Belt in early 2013 in an attempt to address those endemic conflicts and facilitate reconciliation among the communities through inter-communal dialogue processes. HD’s initial engagement in Plateau State later extended […]

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Philippines, Mindanao

On 27 March 2014, the Philippine Government and the MILF signed the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) the culmination of efforts and peace talks that started between the two parties in 1997. This peace agreement is based on a previous accord, the Framework Agreement on the Bangsmoro (FAB), signed by the two parties in […]

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Intercommunal mediation in the Diffa region – Niger

Context The conflict opposing BH to the States of Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Cameroun has led to the evacuation of Lake Chad’s islands and the fertile land around the Komadougou River in Niger, displacing some 250’000 people in the region of Diffa. As a result, a growing number of inhabitants are now located in a […]

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South China Sea

Background HD’s involvement in the South China Sea came about as a result of the claimants acknowledging the immediate need for a parallel framework to minimise recourse to armed violence at sea whilst discussions about resolving the dispute at official fora continued. In 2014, for instance, tensions between Vietnam and China soared due to an […]

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Supporting Myanmar’s Peace Process

Background Early groundwork on the peace process between the government of Myanmar and the country’s 21 EAOs began in 2011 as part of a broad programme of reforms towards a democratic transition presided over by the previous government of President Thein Sein. Since coming to power in 2015 following the election victory of her party, […]

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The Gambia

Background President Yahya Jammeh took over power in a military coup d’état which removed the then incumbent Sir Dawda Jawara; he then remained in office until January 2017. Things came to a head in 2016 after Jammeh reversed his initial decision to accept the outcome of the 1st December 2016 Presidential election which had been […]

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Ukraine

Background Since 2014, the armed conflict in Ukraine’s Donbas region has resulted in the deaths of approximately 10,000 people and has displaced hundreds of thousands more. In the summer of 2014, fighting intensified until a ceasefire agreement was reached under the auspices of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in Minsk in […]

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Kenya

Background The Kenyan Presidential Election on 27 December 2007 and announcement of President Mwai Kibaki’s re-election resulted in contestation of the results and accusations of rigging by the opposition Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) and its leader, Hon. Raila Odinga. This sparked a political crisis and violence in many parts of the country. The unprecedented levels of […]

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Kenya Rift Valley

As a result of deep historical and political divides among the population, the area most affected by the violence which followed the elections was the Rift Valley. In 2011, HD was asked to contribute its experience and expertise to a peace initiative between the Elders of the two main groups in the area: the Agikuyu […]

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Nepal

The ‘people’s war’ was launched by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN (M)) against the Nepalese state in 1996. It claimed the lives of over 13,000 people. It ended in November 2006 with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Government of Nepal and the CPN (M). Background HD’s involvement in Nepal […]

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Sudan

Background Conflict between the north and south of Sudan started before the country gained independence from Britain and Egypt in 1956. Those in the south wanted a federal system but this was not instituted by those in control in the north and a civil war started which was to last until 1972. An agreement made […]

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Timor Leste

Background The 2006 crisis in Timor-Leste was sparked by a group of petitioning soldiers (called the “petitioners”), predominantly from the country’s western districts, who charged their superiors from the east with discrimination in the national army (Falintil-Força da Defesa de Timor Lorosa’e or F-FDTL). The subsequent sacking of nearly 600 petitioners by the Government led […]

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Tunisia

Tunisia is considered by many to be the most promising example of democratic transformation among the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ countries. However, as the protests in early 2018 have shown, serious threats remain and the success of this process is by no means assured. Following peaceful protests in late 2010 and early 2011, the regime of […]

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Syria

Background Since 2012, the Syrian conflict has resulted in casualties, displacement and destruction, where those searching for a negotiated solution to end this complex conflict have had to continually adapt to the changing circumstances. Towards the end of 2016, there was a significant change in the conflict dynamics as a result of close co-operation between […]

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Mediation and support for the peace process in the Central African Republic

Context In 2012, the Central African Republic (CAR) was shaken by the worst crisis of its recent history, though one of many in a string of crises since its independence in 1960. The outbreak of violence, initially political in nature, was instrumentalised by armed groups and government forces, quickly taking a religious turn as Christians […]

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Mediation and support for the peace process in Mali

Background The Algiers Agreement constitutes a solid roadmap to re-establish peace in Mali. The Accord was signed by three parties – the Malian Government, the Coordination of Azawad Movements and the pro-government coalition of armed groups (Plateforme) – and encompasses political, security, justice and socio-economic development issues. However, the peace process still faces numerous challenges. […]

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Philippines NDF

Background The conflict between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Communist Party of the Philippines began in 1968 and since then has caused immense suffering to the civilian population and claimed more than 40,000 lives. After a three year hiatus, formal peace talks involving the GRP and the NDFP, the political […]

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Agro-pastoral mediation in the Sahel region

Background In the Sahel region, in the border areas of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad, pastoral communities live off their livestock. Their survival depends on their ability to move around, according to seasons or the availability of natural resources in order to feed their cattle. Today the nomadic way of life is being […]

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Mediation and support for the peace process in Casamance – Senegal

Context The Casamance region of Senegal is separated from the rest of the country by the Gambia, which contributes to a sentiment of political and economic marginalisation within the region’s population. Since the 1980s, this sentiment has fed into a separatist rebellion, led by the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC). The conflict today […]

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Somalia

In 2012, at the request of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), HD drafted the first Stabilization Programme document for south-central Somalia. The organisation also supported election processes in Somaliland and Puntland. More recently, between mid-2015 and early 2017, HD was engaged with the National Leadership Forum (NLF) which brought together the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) […]

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Sahel – Perceptions of radicalization, violence and (in)security drivers

Given that institutional responses to radicalism have tended to be political or military only, in 2015 HD and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) decided to undertake an innovative research to  capture the views of 800 people from across 8 countries in the border regions of the Sahel region. The project seeks to inform non-coercive […]

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