The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and China have committed to signing a Code of Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (COC). To put in place a regional instrument that is “substantive and effective” as agreed by all relevant parties, COC negotiators need to design implementation mechanisms that promote compliance with the COC and govern how parties will settle disputes.
This paper outlines critical choices for negotiators when designing such mechanisms. These options can facilitate the emergence of consensus on a mechanism which accommodates the diverse perspectives of the negotiating countries.
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