HD has a long history of working in Myanmar, with in-country engagements beginning in the early 2000s. Since 2011, HD has focused on the ethnic peace process. HD’s support has taken a non-intrusive approach tailored to the needs of an internally-driven process. To date, HD’s work has centred on the design of ceasefire arrangements, advancing dialogue towards a common vision for the country’s security sector, helping parties to develop political solutions to conflict including in the design and implementation of political dialogue, and providing informal space for dialogue at the request of the parties.
On the situation in Rakhine State, HD has supported dialogue with the leadership of affected communities as well as with the Myanmar Government in the past. HD presently facilitates a track of dialogue involving regular meetings of experts and think-tanks from Myanmar (led by the Myanmar Institute of Strategic and International Studies (MISIS) and Bangladesh to discuss the developments in Rakhine State and broader bilateral relations. HD also periodically convenes scholars from Myanmar and China to exchange views and increase understanding between the two countries.