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Une Commission vérité et réconciliation: ni trop tôt, ni trop tard
19 December 2014 by Pierre Hazan

Dans cet exposé, Pierre Hazan, conseiller spécial de HD, met en évidence le potentiel d’une Commission vérité et réconciliation (CVR) en République centrafricaine après les terribles violences qui ont ensanglanté le pays, mais aussi la nécessité qu’une telle Commission intervienne au bon moment. Si elle est créée de manière prématurée, alors que l’environnement politique n’est pas adéquat, elle risque d’être non seulement inefficace, mais aussi contre-productive. Elle peut contribuer à accentuer les clivages et mettre en danger ceux qui seraient amenés à témoigner. A contrario, une création trop tardive de la CVR rendrait l’action d’une telle Commission largement caduque.

Cette présentation a été donnée à l’occasion d’une réunion organisée par les Nations unies et le Ministère de la République centrafricaine les 12 et 13 décembre 2014 à Bangui, sur les mécanismes de justice transitionnelle afin de pouvoir faciliter le processus de réconciliation le moment venu. La communauté internationale et les autorités centrafricaines soutiennent notamment l’idée de créer une Commission vérité et réconciliation. L’une des questions clef est de déterminer le moment le plus propice pour sa création.

Primer on the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law
02 December 2014

The Primer on the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) is a collection of questions and answers that "seeks to explain, expound and clarify the provisions" of the law that is now under deliberations in the Philippine Congress.  The proposed BBL is envisioned to replace the Organic Act that constituted the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) with a new autonomous political entity, which is part of the implementation of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) signed on 27 March 2014 between the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The Primer addresses "questions not only with respect to the constitutionality and legality of the provisions but more importantly the context and problems they seek to address." Prepared by the Bangsamoro Transition Commission, the body that drafted the proposed BBL, the Primer was printed with the support of HD and of the European Union Delegation in the Philippines.
The primer is also available online via bangsamoroonline.com

Opinion - Indonesia and Jokowi: Right place, right time
22 November 2014 by Michael Vatikiotis

First published on 21 November 2014 in the Straits Times

The political transition under way as a result of Mr Joko Widodo's election victory in July is breaking new political ground in Indonesia and showing just how far the country has developed as a democracy in 17 years.

One month into his tenure, the Jakarta establishment is still trying to digest the fact that Mr Joko - known popularly as Jokowi - a complete outsider who doesn't own a house or have friends or family in the capital, won the presidential election.

The political and business elite is coming to terms with a president who doesn't know who the main players are, nor care what they think as he sets out to serve the people who elected him...

From the Nakuru County peace accord (2010-2012) to lasting peace
26 October 2014 by Alice Wairimu Nderitu

This case study provides a first analysis of the successful mediation process which took place in 2012 between two Kenyan communities who had taken up arms against each in the wake of the disputed Kenyan 2007 General Elections. The Nakuru County Peace Accord signed in August 2012 and which resulted from this mediation process, ensured that, for the first time since 1992, a peaceful election took place in 2013. Written by Alice Nderitu, one of the mediators in the peace process and member of the Kenyan National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC), the case study examines the post-election violence of 2007-2008 within a wider historical context of ethnic-based conflict. It highlights the critical role of four groups – male Elders from the Gikuyu and the Kalenjin communities, the National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC) working with the National Steering Committee on Conflict Management and Peace Building (NSC), and the HD Centre – who collaborated for a period of 16 months between 2010 and 2012 on this peace process. The publication concludes with some lessons drawn from the process, including the challenge of securing peace and justice, as well as recommendations for ensuring the durability of the Peace Accord.