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Annual Report 2014
13 May 2015 by HD

HD marked its fifteenth year of existence supporting the conclusion of 11 peace and violence reduction agreements in all four regions of its operational work. In Tunisia, a Charter of Honour contributed to peaceful elections in the country, while, in Asia, the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro prepared the way for peace between the Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in the Philippines. In Africa, the Ougadougou Declaration included a cessation of hostilities agreement between opposition groups in Mali and, in Eurasia, a Declaration sought to protect civilians affected by the conflict in Ukraine. All four agreements, as well as a complete review of HD’s operations in 2014, are highlighted in this Annual Report.

The publication also outlines how HD is working to monitor and evaluate the impact of its activities and briefly presents the organisation’s new 2015-2018 strategy which includes plans to place greater emphasis on early conflict analysis and on developing new contacts in areas where conflict is emerging.
As HD’s 2014 Annual Report shows, the organisation has grown a great deal since it started in 1999, and it is now working on 35 peacemaking initiatives across Africa, Asia, Eurasia and the Middle East.

The publication is available in various formats:

As a flipbook:

As a standard pdf:

UN sanctions and peace negotiations: possibilities for complementarity
17 February 2015 by Thomas Biersteker & Zuzana Hudáková

While examples of complementarity between United Nations (UN) sanctions and peace mediation efforts are generally rare, there are instances in which sanctions contribute positively to reaching a ceasefire, negotiating peace agreements, maintaining peace settlements, and achieving peacebuilding goals. In the publication, UN sanctions and peace negotiations: possibilities for complementarity, the authors explore the nature, use and effectiveness of sanctions and identify mechanisms through which UN targeted sanctions support peacebuilding. While there are several reasons to expect that sanctions might complicate mediation efforts, the publication concludes that mediation processes and sanctions are not inherently contradictory and puts forward some recommendations on ways to improve the co-ordination between the two.

UN sanctions and peace negotiations is the fourth paper in the Oslo Forum Papers series. The Oslo Forum Papers seek to advance thinking and debate on key, yet sensitive, issues linked to armed conflict mediation and international peacemaking.

The Oslo Forum Meeting Report 2014
22 December 2014 by Paul Dziatkowiec, Sabina Avasiloae and Till Papenfuss

One hundred of the world's eminent mediators and peace process actors - nearly half of them women - attended the 2014 Oslo Forum, sharing practical experiences and engaging in lively debates on current peacemaking practice and mediation trends. The theme of the 2014 Oslo Forum was ‘engaging with radical groups’. In line with this, participants discussed the feasibility of dialogue with extremist groups, such as ISIS and Boko Haram. Another common thread running through the discussions at the Forum was the geopolitical flux gripping the international system. Participants also considered specific case studies, including the historic peace agreement achieved in the Philippines this year; the international failure to stop the conflict in Syria; and other peacemaking efforts in South Sudan, Colombia, Nigeria, and the Central African Republic. Additionally, attendees examined the phenomenon of popular uprisings against democratically elected governments, and the use of force as a tool of peacemaking. The Forum also offered a valuable opportunity to exchange comparative lessons and experiences on national dialogues, and to reflect on specific mediation challenges such as the fragmentation of conflict parties. This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat.

Une Commission vérité et réconciliation: ni trop tôt, ni trop tard
19 December 2014 by Pierre Hazan

Dans cet exposé, Pierre Hazan, conseiller spécial de HD, met en évidence le potentiel d’une Commission vérité et réconciliation (CVR) en République centrafricaine après les terribles violences qui ont ensanglanté le pays, mais aussi la nécessité qu’une telle Commission intervienne au bon moment. Si elle est créée de manière prématurée, alors que l’environnement politique n’est pas adéquat, elle risque d’être non seulement inefficace, mais aussi contre-productive. Elle peut contribuer à accentuer les clivages et mettre en danger ceux qui seraient amenés à témoigner. A contrario, une création trop tardive de la CVR rendrait l’action d’une telle Commission largement caduque.

Cette présentation a été donnée à l’occasion d’une réunion organisée par les Nations unies et le Ministère de la République centrafricaine les 12 et 13 décembre 2014 à Bangui, sur les mécanismes de justice transitionnelle afin de pouvoir faciliter le processus de réconciliation le moment venu. La communauté internationale et les autorités centrafricaines soutiennent notamment l’idée de créer une Commission vérité et réconciliation. L’une des questions clef est de déterminer le moment le plus propice pour sa création.